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Este Blogue é um estudo da Associação Projecto Raia Alentejana e tem como objectivo a discussão da violência em geral e da guerra na Pré-História em particular. A Arqueologia da Península Ibérica tem aqui especial relevo. Esperamos cruzar dados de diferentes campos do conhecimento com destaque para a Antropologia Social. As críticas construtivas são bem vindas neste espaço, que se espera, de conhecimento.

Guerra Primitiva\Pré-Histórica
Violência interpessoal colectiva entre duas ou mais comunidades políticas distintas, com o uso de armas tendo como objectivo causar fatalidades, por um motivo colectivo sem hipótese de compensação.


Sunday, 15 March 2009

Index - Guilaine et Zammit - The Origins of War

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction:
Bloodshed at the Beginning of History
War: An Ongoing Feature of Literature and Religion
Archaeology: Tracking Down History
War in Prehistory: From the Garrigues of Languedoc to the Temples of Malta
Corsica: Conquered and Re-conquered
Violence and Aggression Prior to Mankind
Warfare: Nature or Culture?
Exchange or Battle?
Was There a Palaeolithic "War"?
Ritual Warfare and War between "Great Men"
Prehistoric Man: Neither Violent Brute nor Innocent Lamb
The Issue of SacrificeIs Prehistoric Violence "Readable"?
2. Violence in Hunter-gatherer Society:
Neanderthal Man and Cannibalism
Prehistoric CannibalismSuspicious Disappearances in Charente (France)
Cain's Predecessors
Violence in the Artwork of the Quaternary Era
Sicily: Torture in 10,000 BC?
From the Throwing Stick to the Bow and Arrow
The First Bows
Conflict in Sudan
Coveted LandConflict during the Mesolithic
The Enemy: Mutilated and Tortured
3. Agriculture: A Calming or Aggravating Influence?:
The Neolithic in Europe: A Peaceful or Dangerous Conquest?
The Talheim Massacre
Disturbances during the Neolithic
Fontbregoua (France): Another Case of Cannibalism?
Cannibalistic Farmers?
Neolithic Art, the Medium of Violence?
Battle Scenes in the Sierras of the Spanish Levant
Injuries and Capital Executions
Causes for Quarrel
Hunters and/or Farmers in Confrontation
The Strong and the Weak
4. Humans as Targets: 4,000-8,000 Years Ago:
The Contrasting Geography of Violence
A Progressive Intensification of Conflict?
War upon the Plateaus of Southern France?
The Difficulties of Making an Assessment
Effective Weapons of Death
Injury and Trepanation
Did Collective Burial Sites Sometimes Serve as Communal Graves?
Lessons from the San Juan Ante Portam Latinam Burial Site (Alava, Spain)
Ballistic Accuracy
5. The Warrior: An Ideological Construction:
The Importance of the Male
Accompanying a Man in Death
A Full Quiver: For Hunting, for Fighting or for Show
Arrows and Jewels: Masculine/Feminine
Menhir Statues: The First Armed Steles
From Mount Bego to the Italian Alps
Masculinity/Femininity: Reversing the Symbols
Open Villages and Fortified Settlements
Proto-Warriors of the West
6. The Concept of the Hero Emerges: Weapons and Their Significance
The Warrior Becomes a Feature of Barbarian Europe
The Sword: King of Weapons
Ramparts, Forts and Citadels
The Orient: Chariots in Battle The Development of a Cavalry
Tracing the Footsteps of Heroes
Steles: Marking Combatants for Posterity
Multiple Sacrifices
Mutilated Bodies Preserved in Peat Bogs
Conclusions
Appendices
Notes
Bibliography
Works by Jean Guilaine
Index

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