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Este Blogue é um estudo da Associação Projecto Raia Alentejana e tem como objectivo a discussão da violência em geral e da guerra na Pré-História em particular. A Arqueologia da Península Ibérica tem aqui especial relevo. Esperamos cruzar dados de diferentes campos do conhecimento com destaque para a Antropologia Social. As críticas construtivas são bem vindas neste espaço, que se espera, de conhecimento.

Guerra Primitiva\Pré-Histórica
Violência interpessoal colectiva entre duas ou mais comunidades políticas distintas, com o uso de armas tendo como objectivo causar fatalidades, por um motivo colectivo sem hipótese de compensação.


Tuesday, 7 September 2010

La investigación de la violencia : Una aproximación desde la arqueología

Auteurs / Authors
LULL Vicente; PEREZ Rafael Mico; RIHUETE HERRADA Cristina; RISCH Roberto;
Cypsela
2006, no16, pp. 87-108
Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords
Economy ; Games ; Production ; History ; Form ; Perspective ; well ; Semantics ; Research ; Relations ; History ;
Mots-clés français / French Keywords
Passé ; Pratique ; Violence ; Economie ; Jeu ; Production ; Histoire ; Forme ; Perspective ; Puits ; Sémantique ; Recherche ; Relation ; Historique ;
Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords
Violence ; Physical violence ; Archaeology ; Prehistory ; Relations of production ; Property ; Conflict
Résumé / Abstract
Nowadays, 'violence' is a polysemic term, used to refer to a wide range of events and, moreover, laden with moral and ideological connotations. Thus, any research referring to it has to delimit its semantic field, before defining the criteria that should allow to approach the specific manifestations being analysed. This paper carries out a critical review of the most common definitions of 'violence' as well as of the different kinds of causal factors used to explain it. Next, a perspective is developed for which, on one side, suffering and conflict are the crucial criteria to qualify specific practices as being "violent" and, on the other, physical violence is the realm which allows and supports all other forms of violence. Concerning the debate around the causes of physical violence throughout history, it is argued that the policies resulting from the dominant relations of production and property rights of each period played a mayor role. Finally, a set of guidelines are presented through which archaeological research could gain knowledge of the role of violence in the past.

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